Heartworm disease is a very common and dangerous disease dogs suffer from. If early steps are not taken to protect your furry pal from this disease, it may lead to critical situation. Some pet parents think that their indoor dogs are safe and do not require any preventive measure to protect them against heartworms. It’s a false assumption. Many veterinarians suggest that every dog should be on heartworm prevention for an entire year. Here is a brief on heartworm disease and why preventive measures are far better than treatment.
What is Heartworm?
Heartworms are deadly parasites. Heartworms are transmitted by a mosquito. When a mosquito bites an infected animal the immature heartworm enters the mosquito body. Within two weeks, the immature heartworm (microfilariae) develops into infective larvae within the body of mosquito. As soon as a mosquito comes in contact with a healthy dog, it bites the dog and transmits the infective larvae inside the dog’s body. Within 6 months these larvae mature into adult heartworms in dog’s body. It travels through the dog’s body reaching the blood vessels and damages the blood vessels. As a result, heart rate lowers. When the pumping of heart decreases, it results into major lung and heart disease.
Symptoms of Heartworm
Symptoms are not easily visible at an initial stage. Over the period of time the signs are visible such as :
Why Prevention Is Better Than Treatment?
Preventive measures are comparatively cheaper and less stressful for your dog than treatment. Preventive measures are easy to implement and are not at all painful compared to treatment. But prior to preventive measures your dog needs to be checked once whether he or she is infected with heartworms or not. A simple blood test is done to detect the heartworm infection in a dog. If the result comes negative you can start the preventive measure which includes the following:
Regular Blood Test
Your vet will advise you to go for some regular blood test. A regular test will help to diagnose the disease.
There are various products widely used as preventive treatments that are available on the market. Some top most products which are highly effective, safe and easy to administer are Advantage Multi (Advocate), Comfortis Plus and Heartgard Plus.
Dog Exposure To Mosquito: Restrict your dog’s exposure to the area where chances of getting mosquito bite is more. You can even use the product like k9 Advantix to kill and repel mosquito. This will protect your dog from a mosquito bite.
Heartworm disease is quite difficult to recognize at an early stage that’s why it is always suggested to take the preventive measures.
There is a wide awakening among cat parents to protect their feline from heartworm disease. Heartworm cases in feline are also on the rise and are more reported than earlier owing to vet visits. Until now, most of the pet parents think of heartworm as a syndrome prevalent in dogs only. While, this thought does carry weight in the sense that compared to canine, a feline is less vulnerable to heartworm parasite. Her immune system is more adaptable to fight heartworm parasite-Dirofilaria immitis as compared to dog. A feline houses heartworm for not more than three years. On the other hand, this period extends to seven years in dog.
There is no denying the fact that heartworm is a disease, which troubles our furry pals the most. Yet there is equal truth in the fact that a feline needs to be, protected from heartworm to ensure complete overall well-being of hers. A cat parent cannot afford to neglect this aspect of her feline just by relying on the statistics, which makes the disease uncommon for cats.
Therefore, to neutralize the risk posed by heartworm in cats, prevention is the only best policy to keep this syndrome at bay from a feline’s life.
Cat Heartworm Basics
The parasite called Dirofilaria Immitis cause heartworm in cats as well as dogs. This happens when a mosquito infected by the same heartworm parasite-Dirofilaria immitis, bites a gullible cat and thus transmits the same infection to that cat’s body. The cycle continues when again a mosquito bites this infected cat and feed the same on another uninfected cat.
Now, the cat’s whose body is home to heartworm parasite, behaves in two way-
What To Do As A Cat Parent?
Above exchanged thoughts clears two things about heartworm in cats. One that the problem of heartworm in cats is less prevalent as compared to dog. At the same time, chances of heartworm in a feline cannot, be set aside. Secondly, the fatal nature of the disease makes it imperative for cat parents to take preventive measures for their cats to keep this syndrome away from their feline’s life.
The first thing in this regard, which a cat parent needs to do, is to go to his nearby vet to check for heartworm in his/her cat. The vet would diagnose the presence of heartworm in cat by conducting tests such as antibody and antigen tests. X-rays, ECG and urine analysis of the cat also help the vet to form conclusion on the presence of heartworm parasite in a cat.
If the cat found to be heartworm positive, the best method vets adopt is to give the infected cat some time to get rid of the heartworm on her own. During this time, the feline is required to be in touch with the vet at regular intervals. The reason for such practice adopted by the vet is due to the fact that heartworm parasite in a cat lives for not more than three years. Treatment in the form of surgery is also an option available for cat parents. However, that is less in practice.
As a cat parent the best way to deal with this menace is, to include some heartworm preventives in, your cat’s life. Products such as Senitel Spectrum or Advantage Multi are to name a few, which are part of heartworm prevention program in cats by most cat parents. Consult your vet for more details regarding cat supplies products and make your cat’s life heartworm proof.
The charm of a pet lies in its appearance. A pet’s coat and fur is what makes that appearance count. The outer skin and coat reflects about a pet’s bodily health.
A pet parent, to ensure, good health of his pet’s skin do need to take a wholesome approach. The nutrition and food aspect, grooming, environment, fleas and ticks, etc all need to take into account while taking care of your pet’s skin and coat.
A few basics to help you in improving the condition of your pet’s coat are as follows-
Eliminate Fleas And Ticks from Your Pet’s Life
Fleas and ticks are the most common enemy in a pet’s life. The miseries and discomfort it brings to a pet’s life is immense. The root cause of major skin allergies in pets comes from the bite of these pests. The presence of these blood-sucking parasites creates itching sensation in a pet’s body, making scratching and itching a routine activity of their day-to-day life.
Over, a period of time, this itchiness and scratching takes the form of chronic skin diseases commonly referred as Flea Allergy Dermatitis.
It becomes very important, on part of pet parents to ensure non-existence of fleas and ticks in their pet’s life. The solution to this menace lies in treating your pet on one hand and ensuring a clean and flea-free indoor and outdoor environment on the other hand.
Vacuum your house rigorously with hot water. Use insecticide for treating outdoor environment. At the same time, safeguard your pet with flea preventatives like Frontline Plus, Advantage, etc. Use Dap Collar for distancing ticks from your pet’s skin.
What you eat you becomes. The content of the food you serve to your pet very much determines the health of his coat. Like humans, they are also very allergic to some foods. Foods rich in fatty acids are good for the health of your pet’s coat.
If you find yourself in dilemma in this regard, consult your vet for an appropriate diet plan for your pet. However, an ideal pet diet includes balanced amount of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Do ensure that your pet is, hydrated most of the day. For this, place different water channels in the dwelling environment of your pet. Water is the best source for a healthy skin.
A pet’s grooming is essential not only for the health of his skin, but also for his overall well-being. Pets, usually have the habit of cleaning themselves, especially if it is a feline.
However, grooming is an important part of pet parenting, which cannot be, ignored.
Caring For Your Pet’s Skin And Coat
A, pet well groomed is thought to be less exposed to scratching and itchiness. As a pet parent, through pet grooming you will be more aware about your pet’s body. If you find yourself to be busy or want to take professional help in this regard, then personal grooming is an option, open to you.
Grooming is a broad concept. It monitors the health of a pet by routine cleaning, bathing, brushing, trimming extra hair, nails, etc. Grooming also helps in reducing your pet’s shedding. Overall, it is vital for the longevity of your pet.
Role Of A Veterinarian
To stay updated regarding your pet’s health and skin, regular vet visits becomes important.
If you observe any of the symptoms like excessive scratching, itching, rashes on your pet’s skin, or any change visible in your pet’s coat, do visit your vet. The more you took time to take action, the more the gravity of skin infection increases.
Taking above ideas into account, you can contribute to the health of your pet’s skin in a positive way.
Detecting a urinary problem at an early stage can keep your feline healthy and fit. Urinal issue is commonly seen in cats between the ages of 1 to 4. You will see the abnormal behavior of your cat.
Signs to detect the cat urinal problem:
• Urinating at odd places other than litter box
• Blood in urine
• Straining while urinating
• Disliking the food
• Blockage of the flow of urine from the bladder to outside body which decreases the volume of pee
• Peeing frequently
Classification of Cat Urinary Tract Problems and Infections
• Upper urinary problem- It shows the infection in the kidney which filters the waste from the blood and passes it to the bladder.
• Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) - It shows the infection in the bladder and the urethral that connect bladder and outside body.
Lower urinary problem is commonly seen compared to an upper urinary problem. This disease can occur in any breed of cat irrespective of male or female but it is more likely to see in male cat because of their narrower urethras.
Cause of the Cat Urinal Problem
A Lower urinary disease is a complex of diseases. There are a bunch of causes, like a bladder infection, a bladder stone, bladder’s inflammation and sometimes it can cause urinal cancer as well. Stress plays a part in urinal infection but not a primary cause.
What to do for your Cat - Cat Has Urinary Tract Disease?
If your cat is not facing any problem related to stone or crystal then you need to visit your vet as soon as possible to check if there is any major problem or not? But if your feline has a blockage of urethra then it can be a problem of food. ?It is our responsibility to take care of our cat and provide essential cat supplies and cat supplements for better recovery. Nutrition is a role model for managing the diseases responsible for the urinary problem. Diet of your cat varies according to their condition.
Many a time Diet enriched with protein and low carbohydrates are suggested for a cat suffering from diabetes. Few diets act as controller of acidic level in the body of the cats that tend to develop a stone or crystals in the urine. A visit to your vet would act as a guide to you for managing your cat’s diet.
Prevention of urinal track issues in Cats
• Always keep a clean and fresh drinking water for your cat.
• Feed moist food than dry food.
• Keep your cat stress free
• Regular exercise.
A periodical check-up of your feline is a wise step to prevent and protect your pet from the urinal problem.
If you already have a pet, obliviously you know how much fun and love he can bring into human lives. But, did you know that pets also bring something else that put human at a high risk of contracting some diseases? Along with real happiness and great memories, pets can also pass a multitude of diseases to human.
To protect yourself and your family from such dangerous diseases, it is worth your time to be aware of these diseases. Well, here are some diseases you might inherit from your beloved pet:
Most of the people often think that salmonella usually results from ingestion of the bacteria from contaminated food, but that's not the only reason. Sometimes, human can get it from pets also, through their feces. This bacterial disease usually doesn't make the dogs sick, however, it can cause serious illness when it is passed to human. Children and elderly persons and people who have weakened immune systems are generally at salmonella risk. If you are infected with salmonella, its signs and symptoms may include stomach pain, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever.
To lower the risk of salmonella:
There is also a chance to get ringworm, a fungal infection if you are hanging out with dog or cat which has infected skin or hair. An itchy, scaly and reddish ring-shaped rash is a primary symptom of ringworm in people. If its infection spread to the scalp or beard, you might discover bald patches or brittle hair in some area. It can also affect the nails and make them thicker, discolored, brittle and crumble.
To prevent ringworm infection:
Cat Scratch Disease
As the name cat scratch disease already imply, people can get this disease from infected cat’s scratch or bite. The affected people shows the signs of a bump or blister at bite or scratch site, fever, swollen lymph node, poor appetite and exhaustion.
Sometimes, the mild flu-like symptoms can also occur. In rare occasions, it leads to brain swelling and heart infections.
Reduce the risk of this disease:
Pet are habitually ready to eat anything and hang out anywhere. It’s pretty common. So, their mouth and fur can carry bacterial-bearing deer ticks and drop them onto carpets or furniture in your home. Then such ticks come in contact with human and infest them with lyme diseases by biting. Pet is not a direct source of transmitting lyme diseases to human. Symptoms in human can include a bulls-eye rash at tick bite area, fever, fatigue, red patches on the skin, lethargy and swollen lymph nodes. If left untreated, it can be fatal and cause arthritis, loss of facial muscle tone and heart inflammation.
To decrease your risk of getting lyme disease:
Rabies is a highly contagious viral disease that often spread through bites or scratches of rabies virus-infected pets like dog or cat to humans. This disease directly affects the central nervous system including the brain and spinal cord of humans and results into a fatal disease. Weakness, fever, and headache are early signs of this disease. Afterward, the disease quickly develops into symptoms of anxiety, insomnia, confusion, behavioral changes, lethargy and delirium.
To prevent being infected with the rabies virus:
A final point, thorough hand wash routine, some common adequate hygiene measures and a good vet care are very important for the well-being of both pets and humans. By this way, you can keep unwanted diseases at bay and enjoy a long, happy life with your furry companion.
A state of emergency occurs when a dog’s stomach bloats. It is “dagger in chest” news for the pet-parents. What did you infer by bloat? Or more precisely dog bloat? It is a crucial stage where dog’s life is at risk. Bloat is a condition in dogs when their stomach starts to expand with gas, fluids, and causes twisting movements inside the stomach. These twists and turns inside causes pressure to build up which leads to cut off the blood supply. This stops the working of a part of stomach or the entire stomach.
The medical name of a dog bloat is Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV). If left untreated or late treatment may lead to fatalities to the dogs. Better work is to find out the early signs, be attuned to the symptoms, and treat dog diseases at an early stage.
Warning Signs Of Bloat In Your Dog
Few signs of dog bloat are:
With the progression of the problem, he might go into a panic state, his gums may become pale and swell, pulse might become weak.
You must be wondering what might have caused such serious issues in the dogs. Bloating reasons vary; it might be because of nay of the following:
However, causes may also depend upon the type of breed. Some breeds of dogs are much more susceptible to getting bloat than the others like Great Danes, Poodles, German Shepherds, Blood Hounds etc.
Dogs must be prevented from having bloats in their lifetime. It is a serious threat to their lives and not at all a light disease that can be treated easily. Treatment depends upon the severity of the bloat in the dog’s stomach. The vet might have to treat the dog with fluids, antibiotics or surgically remove bloat.
But, prevention is always a healthy option. Preventing bloats from happening in dogs can save them from a very big life-endangering problem. Some basic and common prevention to follow are:
There are a number of pests that roam around near the surroundings are fatal for health. All you might have heard on the names of pests might have been Fleas and Ticks only. But, there are various other insects that are also an alarm of trouble for the dogs. To name a few like mosquitoes, sand flies, stable flies and chewing lice – all these are irritants for your pooches. And, this is where K9 Advantix is introduced for the pets. This treatment can be widely used for the removal of multiple parasites in one go.
K9 Advantix is a wide-spectrum remedy that provides protection to puppies and dogs from the above mentioned parasites. It is a monthly preventive for the dogs that is highly recommended by the vets. The fast action formula of this topical treatment efficiently kills 98-100% fleas in 12 hours of application. The ingeniously developed K9 Advantix doesn’t require fleas and ticks to bite the treated pet to die. In fact, as soon as they encounter the dogs, the treatment shows its efficacy and eliminates them.
This potent spot-on prevents the re-infestations from the icky parasites. The dog also becomes tick-free within 48 hours of action of this treatment.
A single dose of K9 Advantix saves the pooches from parasite-borne diseases. It kills fleas, brown dog ticks, lone star ticks, American dog ticks and repels mosquitoes. It also works as a great repellant for sand flies and stable flies. The safe to use topical medication on puppies of 7 weeks and above ensures pest-free month for the furry pals.
The effect of pros of the product will intrigue you to buy it for sure but the dilemma in your mind about the safety will still be there. To fully ensure, that the product is a best one, you need to know the drill of elimination of parasites. K9 Advantix contains Imidacloprid and Permethrin. Both of the ingredients are insecticides that block the medium of sodium flow in the treated dogs. Such action creates a nervous breakdown in the insects by blocking the nerve impulses, causing paralysis and thus eliminating the icky pests from the pet’s body.
The insecticidal properties of the active components, starts killing off ticks within 2 hours of its application and prevents re-infestations.
The waterproof treatment has to be applied on the furry pals like any other topical treatment. Steps are easy to follow:
With such convenient tips and a number of advantages, K9 Advantix should be your first choice when your dog suffers from the same problems as given.
Pancreatitis is a disease which causes immense pain, inflammation in dogs. It results in the swelling of pancreas. Pancreas is the organ that releases enzymes which helps in digestion. Pancreatitis disrupts the enzyme flow due to the inflammation. The enzyme is used to break down fats and proteins for digestion. Dues to pancreatitis, these enzymes tend to digest their own body tissues and organs.
All the dog-owners should be aware about pancreatitis in case if your dog gets affected by it.
There are generally two types of pancreatitis i.e acute and chronic.
It occurs suddenly in the dogs and there is no sign that the condition exists. It causes immense pain. Zit Acute pancreatitis can be harmful to your dog's health if the infection spreads to the neighboring tissues and organs. It becomes more severe in dogs if it reoccurs. Recurrences of pancreatitis tends to slow down the immune system of the dog's body.
It develops and drags in dogs at a slow rate causing inflammation of the pancreas. In some cases, symptoms may be different like a dog not wanting to play normally, not eating properly, or skipping meal. Chronic pancreatitis may suddenly spread, resulting in acute canine pancreatitis.
Dogs with chronic pancreatitis Likes to have a low-fat diet. Medication can be provided to the dogs to relieve them from the pain and help them recover from pancreatitis.
The symptoms of pancreatitis are like any other which makes it more difficult to diagnose the problem. Here is a list of the symptoms with which one can try and identify the cause.
1. Loss of diet
4. Abdominal Pain
8. Weight Loss
10. Shock and Collapse
Apart from the above mentioned signs, some of the serious symptoms that leads to severe pancreatitis are:
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation – leads to multiple hemorrhages
Heart arrhythmia – irregular heart beats
Sepsis – body wide infection in which toxins are generated into the blood
Causes of pancreatitis in dogs are:
1. High-fat diet
4. Hypothyroidism – endocrine disease
5. Dietary indiscretion – ability to eat anything
6. Human food
9. Diabetes mellitus
Treatment of Pancreatitis in Dogs
There's a cure for almost everything. Pancreatitis is the disease which cannot be determined at an early stage. So, trying to diagnose the proper cause is the first step of the treatment. In severe cases, immediate intensive care and hospitalization is needed.
Secondly, pain management should be done. Those with acute pain must be give immediate medication to control the pain. You can also take help of effective dog health supplies, dog supplements and dog pain relief or dog anxiety relief products to support the suffering pet.
Some of the common treatments methods of dogs are:
1. IV(Intravenous) Fluid Therapy
2. Medication for vomiting to prevent dehydration
3. Close monitoring of the serious situation
4. Low fat diet, follow prescriptions
5. To improve the pancreatitis condition, Withholding food and water for a day
6. Not feeding off the table
Following measures can be used to prevent pancreatitis
1. Exercising your dog to keep him healthy and maintaining weight
2. Avoid high-fat diets
3. Avoid human-food
4. Feed in small quantities, at regular intervals
Every month, many dogs are sent back to shelter homes. Though, shelter homes are homely and welcoming, usually dogs feel stressful. Among the many reasons, a few can be they would have gotten separated with their previous families, left by their families, they have to live in closed environments and more primarily they may have to deal with other dogs especially bullying dogs.
These changes can greatly affect their mental health and reduce their chances of getting adopted. They may litter anywhere, will confine to closed areas or in a corner, become inactive or hide behind the kennel. Some dogs may become quiet and some, on the other hand, become aggressive and with barking loud and increasingly. Added to this, increased stress levels can badly hamper the immune system lowering the disease fighting capacity. In such situations, pets become more prone to diseases.
Well, following certain steps, you can reduce their stress levels and make them more appealing.
De-Stress Tips for Pets in Shelter Homes
Dog Appeasing Pheromone DAP Collar/DAP spray
Living with so many pets, it sometimes become mentally stressful for some dogs/cats. Mostly, sensitive pets are more vulnerable to behavioral problems. Treating them with DAP spray or applying DAP collar can significantly lower the stress level and help furry pals to adjust to the environment.
It is proved that dogs respond to music positively. Thus, stress levels hugely decrease when classical or melodious music is played. The atmosphere inside the kennel will become serene and the dog becomes calm while the bark will lower dramatically.
Though most shelter homes miss this, it is essential for every dog and cat to exercise. They love running and playing, but restricting them in confined environments can badly hammer their health. Therefore, it’s prominent to encourage dogs to play and run as much as possible.
Dogs love to be in community and they are extremely social. Petting dogs, talking to them and giving them a gentle massage will go in a long way in reducing stress. Like humans, dogs too need to know that they are loved even when they are in shelter homes.
Minimum Noise Level
Ensure that you lower the noise level to minimal in the shelter homes. Dogs are quite sensitive to noise, and loud noises usually tend to make them restless, increasing their stress hormones. Help dogs to remain calm by giving them treats. If dog barks too much just walk away from the dog, shutting the door. Reward them for their good behavior, this will help them stay calm without barking unnecessarily.
It is often said that cats have nine lives. But, do you know that your kitty can also suffer from a variety of heart conditions, ranging from benign to life-threatening? As surprising as it might sound, due to this reason, it is important to take care of your feline's health. One of the diseases that is most prevalent in cats is heart murmur. The important thing to note is not all heart murmurs are severe. Hence, if you suspect that your fur baby is suffering from heart murmurs, have her evaluated properly by your veterinarian, so that she can be treated, before the situation worsens. This would not only assist in prolonging the lifespan of your fur baby, but also ensure that she lives well beyond the nine lives!!!
While taking your furry companion to the vet's clinic, do not forget to ask these pertinent questions to the veterinarian about heart murmurs in felines:
Questions To Vet About Heart Murmurs in Cats
Q : What Exactly Is A Heart Murmur?
A: A heart murmur is an irregular heart sound, that is usually heard by listening to the heart using a stethoscope. A heart murmur happens when the blood flow in the heart becomes disruptive. There are several heart murmurs that are benign by nature. But not always, which in turn can further indicate heart disease or structural issues. There are kittens that display a murmur when they are approximately 6 to 8 weeks of age, but then outgrow within a few months. Even adult cats can suffer from intermittent heart murmurs, when their stress levels are high. But when the feline relaxes, the condition disappears.
Q: Explain Different Types Of Heart Murmurs In Cats?
A: There are specifically three types of murmurs:
A feline suffers from systolic heart murmurs when her heart muscle contracts, whereas diastolic heart murmurs are caused when the heart muscle relaxes between beats. Continuous heart murmurs prevail throughout the cardiac cycle. Heart murmurs can further be classified into different grades from I to V depending on their loudness and location. Grade I is the stage where the murmur is barely audible, while in grade V the murmur is extremely loud, but only audible through a stethoscope. But, the vibration is so strong that it can be felt through the chest wall of the feline.
Remember that the loudness of the murmur showcases the amount of turbulence prevailing in the heart of the kitty. But, also note that it does not directly correlate with the intensity of any underlying diseases.
Q: What Are The Symptoms Of Heart Murmurs?
A: The symptoms of heart murmurs are contingent on different factors encompassing configuration, grade and location. The symptoms can be non-existent to depicting serious signs of heart disease like shortness of breath or coughing.
Q: What Causes Heart Murmurs in Cats?
A: There are various factors that can cause heart murmurs in felines including:
Q: How Do You Diagnose Heart Murmurs?
A: Your veterinarian would use a stethoscope to detect heart murmur during routine veterinary examination. If he/she finds an abnormal rhythm in the heartbeat of finds that your feline has a weak pulse, then murmur can be the most probable reason for it. A cat that is suffering from a heart murmur due to structural heart disease or an extra cardiac problem will also show various clinical signs, which might be subtle in the beginning, but as the disease progresses, the signs will become more prominent.
If the murmur is caused by heart disease, then additional diagnostic testing would be carried out and may or may not include treatment by a cardiologist. If it is found that the murmur is caused due to an underlying heart condition, an NT-proBNP test would be recommended by your veterinarian. It is a simple blood test that is used to find, examine and assess the severity of heart disease. It can even be used to locate the stress placed on the heart and any damage in it. An increased level in the proBNP levels suggests that the kitty is suffering from heart disease.
Q: How Are Heart Murmurs Treated?
A: The treatment is totally contingent on the underlying cause. If you have a young kitten who has a murmur of low intensity, your veterinarian would recommend a re-examination in a few weeks, to evaluate whether the murmur has altered in intensity / totally disappeared. In adult cats, the severity of the murmur would determine the treatment which might involve treatments, radiographs, and a trip to the cardiologist for further testing.
Remember, a healthy cat is a happy cat. So, always get essential cat supplies and keep your feline physically fit.